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CHAPTER FOUR




SUMMARY:

While Mr. Jones was living in Willingdon, the news of Animal Farm began to spread all around the country. Mr. Pilkington and Mr. Frederick, who own the adjoining farms, fear that rebellion will spread among their own animals, so they begin to spread rumors of Animal Farm. Once a wave of rebelliousness ran through the countryside and animals knew the words to beast of England, Jones, carrying a gun, and all his men, carrying sticks, entered animal farm to regain the land for themselves (Early in October). Snowball, who has studied books about the battle campaigns prepares a defense and leads the animals in an ambush on the men. The first two attacks failed, and once the men thought they won, the horses, cows, and pigs were released, defeating the humans. The animals’ lost a sheep, which they give a hero’s burial and the battle became known as the Battle of the Cowshed.


CHARACTERS:

Snowball: Stating that the "The only good human being is a dead one", Snowball leads the attack on Mr. Jones and his fellow countrymen. After reading literature on Julius Caesar's campaigns, Snowball takes charge of the defensive operations on Animal Farm. Representing Leon Trotsky, Snowball makes the point clear that all animals must be willing to die for the rebellion.

Boxer: As a strong defender in the third round of attack in the Battle of Cowshed, Boxer becomes emotional when he nearly kills a boy in combat. As a representation of the working class, Boxer does not believe in killing his enemies. Snowball on the otherhand, feels that there should be "no sentimentality" towards the opposition of the revolution.

Mollie: Mollie is "found hiding in her stall" during the Battle of Cowshed. Similiar to the fleeing of the bourgeois after Czar Nicolas' fall from reign, Mollie is seen "fleeing" the fight at Animal Farm. The bourgeois fled Russia because of fear that their wealth would be taken away from them as a result of the communist ideology ensuing. Mollie is found to "take flight" as soon as the first shot went off as well.

Pigeons: These birds who commonly spread the ideology of Animalism and alert the farm of the upcoming battle, represent the spread of communism throughout the world.

PARALLELS:

Battle of Cowshed: The battle between the animals and Jones and his countrymen shows the clash between Animalism and the way things have always been. This can be compared to Red October in the Bolshevik Revolution. In Red October, the Bolshevik communist (Reds) fought against the anti-communist (Whites). This civil war between the Russian people is much like the civil war faced between the animals and owner of Manor Farm. The fact that Red October occurs in October while the Battle of Cowshed also occurs in October, illustrates the similiarity even more.

Mr. Pilkington and Foxwood farm: The Farm and farmer whom Mr. Jones fights alongside represent England, a country who is opposed to the rising revolution on Animal farm and Russia.

Mr. Frederick and Pinchfield Farm: The Farm and farmer whom Mr. Jones fights alongside represent Germany, a country who is opposed to the rising revolution on Animal farm and Russia. This farm is also on bad terms with Foxwood Farm as is Germany with England during the time of the Bolshevik Revolution.

SIGNIFICANT CHANGES:

The Domino Effect: The Revolution for Animalism started as an idea on Manor farm just like the proposal of communism did in Russia by Leon Trotsky. As other animals began to hear from the pigeons, of the successful revolution that occured on Animal Farm, they too began to revolt. The same "Domino Effect" happened throughout the world during the Bolshevik Revolution. Other countries started to consider the idea of Communism after Trotsky and Russia originally adopted it.

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IMPORTANT QUOTES:

"At the graveside, Snowball made a little speech, emphasising the need for all animals to be ready to die for Animal Farm if need be." (59) This demonstrates Snowball's use of control when leading the animals. After reading up on Julius Caesar, he becomes educated about war and revolutions. He uses this knowledge to teach the other animals on the farm about how to fight properly. An example of his teachings lies in this quote.
"I have no wish to take life, not even human life." (59) Boxer's resentment towards the near murder that he committed shows that the animals do not truely believe in the acts they are commanded to committ. The views that the leaders hold, are different than the views that the animals possess. Although Boxer does not desire to kill a human, Snowball believes it is absolutely necessary and should be done without the slightest resentment.

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