animal1.jpg
The pig in the middle has the smuggest grin


  • Characters and Action Parallels:

    Napoleon- The leader of the newly renamed Manor Farm. Napoleon is represented as Joseph Stalin, after he has control over all of Russia.

    Squealer- Napoleon’s right hand man as well as the creator of propaganda supporting him. Squealer represents the media in Russia. Being an excellent speaker squealer is able to manipulate the animals to see Napoleon and the rest of the pigs as the leaders of the farm.

    The Sheep- the sheep are represented as the gullible working class citizens. When Squealer teaches the sheep a new song “four legs good, 2 legs better!” it shows just how easily they had their opinions changed.

    The Meeting between the Farms- Mr. Pilkington and the pigs of Animal farm got together to discuss a way to have a good relationship between the two farms. This can be represented as the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, the non-aggression treaty between Germany
    and Russia.

    The Ace of Spades- in the card game between Mr. Pilkington and Napoleon both played the ace of spades at the same time. When the aces are played it can be seen as the start of the cold war. The ace of spades is also called the death card and that is what both
    Russia and the United States hold in their hands, in the form of nuclear weapons. When Napoleon and Mr. Pilkington are both shouting at each about who is the cheater it is seen as the rising tension between Russia and the United States.
    .








  • Chapter X Summary

    • Chapter ten starts with the tired, working class animals who haven't changed a bit since the revolution. The farm is prosperous, but it still seems that the animals are poor. Soon enough, the animals witness the pigs and dogs walking on their hind legs. Baffled, Clover and Benjamin refer to the seven commandments, which have now been replaced by a single statement: All animals are created equal, But some animals are more equal than others. The pigs and dogs have effectively taken the role of the past owners of the farm.






  • Significant changes

    • The biggest change in chapter 10 is the outright uprising of the pigs as rulers. They no longer hide themselves or walk on four legs. Once they have gained enough power, they no longer hid their intentions
    • The seven commandments behind the barn is changed to a single sentence. Throughout this book you should note any changes that have to do with literacy and the animals rights.
    • The song the sheep sing is changed to "Four legs good, two legs better!"






The Poker Meeting With The Humans

  • The ultimate humanization of the pigs is present in this section. Not only is it a gathering of Mr. Pilkington and his men along with pigs, the pigs are seen to be wearing human clothes and associating in friendly matters with their farm neighbors. They share beer and play poker throughout the meeting and are heard all over the farm cheering and laughing. Toasts are given along with complete lies told by Napoleon to gain the respect of his neighbors.
    • Historical Parallel: Throughout the novel, Mr. Pilkington represents the allies powers during the WWII era. During November of 1943, Joseph Stalin along with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt gathered in a conference known as the Teheran Conference. This meeting is a direct parallel to the meeting in the farm house of Napoleon and the pigs, and Mr. Pilkington. Stalin was extremely suspicious of Churteheran-conference-1943-churchill-stalin-roosevelt.jpgchill and Roosevelt. He feared them signing a peace treaty with Germany since he understood the capitalist policies of the allies would lead them to the overall goal of stopping the communism in the Soviet Union. At the same time, Stalin also understood that if Britain and USA withdrew from the war, it would be almost impossible for his army to stop Germany. With this knowledge, Stalin dominated the meeting. He reminded the other two leaders of a promise they made to send allies troops to the Western front in Europe. Stalin won the argument with the British and USA's agreement to mount a major offense in the spring of 1944. This front is most commonly known as "D-Day." The pressure was relieved off the Red Army's back once the front was landed by the allies powers, The Teheran Conference worked out the way Stalin had planned.
      • Cue The Cold War!: Before the conference, Russia had been at war with the US and Great Britain. So the Teheran Conference can be seen as a repairing of the relationships of the countries. Just like Napoleon, this is what Stalin wanted. Napoleon admits to Mr. Pilkington about rumors of hatred towards him and siding to Fredericks, but convinces Mr Pilkington that it is all a lie and there has always been a sense of gratitude towards him. Napoleon makes it clear to Mr Pilkington that he never wanted to initiate a rebellion. Napoleon and Mr. Pilkington get along well throughout the night, until they both draw an ace of spades during a poker game. Cue the Cold War. Paralleling to the Teheran conference, the simultaneously playing the ace of spades represents that Stalin and Churchill and Roosevelt were cheating each other all along. The conference was simply on terms of convenience for both countries; The allies powers will now have an easier time defeating Germany, and the pressure will be relieved from the Soviet Union's back. The conference was NOT an establishment of long term friendship- represented by the drawing of the two ace of spades. Orwell's prediction becomes reality, as soon as the war ended, the temporary trust was lost and filled with distrust and suspicious of the two sides, including 50 years of tension to follow.




Animal Farm Becomes Successful, But Only On the Highest Level

"Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer- except, of course, for the pigs and the dogs."

  • Stalin's use of the 5 year plans was to increase the industry in Russia. His aggressive attitude lead to great purges of the military, lower working class, and other low groups. Famine spread throughout the country simply because Stalin did not care for his citizens, he only cared for the success of his country. Stalin would take anything from his people to increase the overall wealth of the nation.
    • Napoleon clearly parallels Stalin's leadership qualities. By chapter 10, Manor farm has "grown richer' but the animals themselves have not. The success is seen through numbers and statistics, but not in the members, which can directly relate to Stalin's purges and created famines to increase the economy in Russia.




The Difference Between Mr. Pilkington's Farm and Napoleon's Becomes Slim
“If you have your lower animals to contend with,” he said, “we have our lower classes!”
"Manor Farm- which, he believed, was its correct and original name" - Napoleon
-With these quote, the Animal Farm, or now called "Manor Farm" has become corrupt. In the beginning the beauty of the rebellion was the driving force for the animals to strive together and take over Mr. Jone's ways of business. The dream world where all animals are completely equal and prosperity is shared through all slowly guides away throughout the novel; and this quote is the proof that it is gone. The need to keep the lower working class below the higher classes is clearly stated with the comparison of lower animals and the lower human working class. During the October Rebellion, it was the working class of Russia that sparked the revolution. They wanted to see change in the poorly run government lead by Czar Nicholas III. With a successful rebellion and a new leader,(Stalin) a new way of life was definite. Although, the change never came and their new leader, Stalin, seemed to simply replace the powerful Czar Nicholas III. The working class was still being taken from for the prosperity of the country and could not say anything to change this.













Sources:

http://www.essayexpress.com/essay/015290.html

http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwii/articles/sovietformulaforsuccess.aspx

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWteheran.htm

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSnovemberR.htm